Infections Related to Health Care (IACS), are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality, being a worldwide health problem, and consequently, the increase in related costs, both for the patient and for public health institutions or private.
The control of IACS is transversal to all areas of health and requires the formation of a vast team, at all levels (operational, technical and scientific) that are involved in the epidemiological chain of this adverse event, due to the multifactorial characteristics of the IACS. A good example of this issue is the mitigation actions that were necessary to control the COVID-19 Pandemic, which required efforts in all areas of health and the various professionals involved in direct and / or indirect assistance.
Thus, a considerable part of IACS can be avoided with the application of preventive measures based on adequate technical knowledge. Despite the legislation in force in Portugal, which determines the mandatory prevention and control with appropriate measures and standards, it has been observed that many institutions fail to comply with these rules and recommendations, often due to lack of technical preparation and scientific knowledge in the area.
The absence or lack of technical qualification of professionals, the difficulty in accessing quality information, the lack of institutions that can provide technical advice in guiding basic standards of prevention and control of IACS, in their different interfaces, are important elements that hinder compliance with this program at both local and national levels.
In this scenario, health professionals who work in health services have a fundamental role in providing technical support and promoting good practices for the prevention and control of HAIs, requiring the training of these health professionals so that they can, in addition to carrying out recommended measures, carry out the management of an IACS prevention and control program. It is necessary that they are able to be elements of awareness and changes in this area, for the dissemination of knowledge and good practices in different health institutions.